Importance of virtual courts in India

Shivendra Pratap Singh


High Court Lucknow


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Virtual courts, also known as e-courts, have become increasingly popular in India over the past few years. The Covid-19 pandemic has accelerated the adoption of virtual courts in the country, with the Indian judiciary rapidly transitioning to online hearings to ensure the safety of court personnel and litigants. In this blog post, we will explore the importance of virtual courts in India and their benefits.

Accessibility and Convenience

One of the most significant advantages of virtual courts is accessibility and convenience. Virtual courts allow litigants and lawyers to attend court hearings from anywhere in the world, reducing the need for travel and saving time and money. This is particularly beneficial for individuals who reside in remote areas, where it may be challenging to access traditional courts.

Reduced Cost and Time

Virtual courts can significantly reduce the cost and time associated with traditional courts. The use of technology, such as video conferencing and e-filing, eliminates the need for physical paperwork and travel. This, in turn, reduces the cost of litigation and saves time for both litigants and the judiciary.

Efficiency and Speed

Virtual courts can also help to expedite the resolution of cases. The use of technology can help to streamline court procedures, such as the scheduling of hearings and the sharing of documents, leading to faster and more efficient trials. Additionally, virtual courts can help to reduce the backlog of cases, which has been a persistent problem in the Indian judiciary.

Transparency and Accountability

Virtual courts can improve transparency and accountability in the judicial system. Online hearings are recorded and can be easily accessed, ensuring that there is a permanent record of court proceedings. This can help to reduce the chances of corruption, as the proceedings are publicly available for scrutiny.

Challenges and Limitations

Despite the many advantages of virtual courts, there are also some challenges and limitations that need to be addressed. One of the major concerns is the lack of access to technology and internet connectivity, particularly in rural areas. This can lead to unequal access to justice, as not all litigants may be able to participate in virtual court proceedings.

Another concern is the need for adequate training and support for court personnel and lawyers. The transition to virtual courts requires a significant shift in the way the judiciary operates, and it is crucial that court personnel and lawyers are adequately trained to ensure that the transition is smooth.


The importance of virtual courts in India cannot be overstated. They have the potential to improve access to justice, reduce cost and time, and increase efficiency and speed in the resolution of cases. However, it is crucial that the Indian judiciary addresses the challenges and limitations of virtual courts to ensure that all litigants have equal access to justice. The adoption of virtual courts must be accompanied by adequate training, support, and investment in technology and infrastructure to ensure that the transition is successful. The Indian judiciary must continue to embrace the benefits of virtual courts while addressing their challenges to ensure that justice is accessible, efficient, and transparent.