Can a person claim ownership on the basis of mutation
Father purchased a plot out of his own income but the plot was registered in the name of my mother. The said plot is muted in my mother’s name, therefore, my mother claims that she is the absolute owner of the plot. I have one brother and one sister all are married I have a very strange relationship with my mother.
Because of the strange relationship my mother does not like me. Last year my mother made a Will and transfer the said plot to my sister. At this point of time can I move any legal proceeding for cancellation of such transfer?
You can move a civil suit for cancellation of such transfer because your mother is not the absolute owner of the property. It is Undisputed fact that your father purchased the said plot out of his own income. Therefore it is the self-acquired property of your father. You have not mentioned whether your father is alive or dead. If your father is alive then your mother cannot transfer the said property by any mode.
If your father has died
Your father was the absolute owner of the property however, the said property is registered in your mother’s name. Your mother had no source of income at the time when your father purchased the property, therefore, she cannot claim ownership only on the basis of mutation or registration in her name.
The law is settled that mutation does not confer any right or title in the property. The mutation
Section 14 of the Hindu Succession Act
If a Hindu woman acquired
- By a deed of transfer
- From a compromise decree
- Decree in
- Transfer by instrument
In your case, the said property is never transferred by your father. Moreover, your father did not execute any gift deed in your mother’s
In Eramma v. Veerupana AIR 1966 SC 1879; the Supreme Court has held that mere mutation or handing over of the property by the husband to the wife does not amount to her having acquired the property.
For the acquisition of
In your case, ownership had not been transferred to your mother hence, she did not acquire the property under section 14. Therefore, she had no right to transfer the said property. The said property has vested in the legal heir of your father.
In Balwant Singh vs Daulat Singh AIR 1997 SC
Ask A Question
You can ask your question to Mr Shivendra Pratap Singh, (Advocate, High Court Allahabad, Lucknow Bench)
The land revenue record shows the land as inalienable when the tenure holder or owner of the land has no right to transfer the land. Generally, government land or patta land is made inalienable because actual right vested in the government. The tenure holder has the right to cultivate the land and enjoy the usufruct.
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